TRAFFIC ADVISORY:

President Trump is scheduled to be in Philadelphia on Tuesday, September 15, 2020 at The National Constitution Center (NCC) in the Independence Mall area. Increased police presence is anticipated in Center City throughout Tuesday afternoon and evening. Please allow extra time if you are going to Wills Eye. Please be advised of area street closures to vehicles beginning at 1:00PM on Tuesday 9/15. Pedestrian access will also be limited in the area. This is subject to change and area restrictions, which could widen, will be lifted once the President departs the NCC. There are also demonstrations planned for Tuesday 9/15 around Independence Mall as well as City Avenue.

Pediatric Ophthalmology

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Pediatric Ophthalmology

The management of eye problems in children requires special knowledge and skills. At Wills Eye, we are dedicated to providing the highest quality care in order to preserve and protect vision and make a significant difference in your child's life.

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01755 4271 795
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25 Monroe St, NY
Mon - Fri / 9AM - 5PM

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25 Monroe St
New York, NY 10002

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CHILDREN AND EYE DISEASE

Children can be afflicted by many eye diseases. They may be born with or may develop cataracts, glaucoma, retinal and orbital tumors, or other problems. More commonly, children may need glasses to see more clearly or intervention for misaligned eyes (strabismus) or poor visual development in one eye (amblyopia).

Infants

Vision is important as a baby begins to grow and learn. Even in infancy, it is important that your child receive regular eye examinations, probably by your pediatrician at first, then later by an ophthalmologist or other eye care specialist. Certainly by pre-school your child should be having regular eye examinations to maintain proper eye health.

If your infant experiences any of the following signs or symptoms  which may be indicative of a  serious eye problem, see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible: 

 

  • Child not looking at mother by three months of age
  • A white pupil in either or both eyes
  • Eyes that do not appear to look in the same direction
  • Any difference in size, shape or color of any part of the eye or eyelids
  • Any swelling or lump in or around the eyes or eyelids
  • Eyes that wander, shake or vibrate
  • Discharge from eyes
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Eyes tearing or wet-looking, when not crying
  • Redness of the eye

Children

For children, eyesight is important because good vision is often related to learning. As with adults, regular eye examinations are important to maintain proper eye health, since some serious eye disorders produce no early warning symptoms.

If your child experiences any of the following signs or symptoms which may be indicative of a  serious eye problem, see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible:

 

  • Pain in or around the eye
  • A white pupil in one or both eyes
  • Eyes that do not appear to look in the same direction
  • Any difference in size, shape or color of any part of the eye or eyelids
  • Any swelling or lump in or around the eyes or eyelids
  • Eyes that wander, shake or vibrate
  • Discharge from eyes (stuck together in the morning)
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Redness of the eye; eyes tearing or wet-looking, when not crying
  • Child tilts or turns head when looking intently
  • One eye closes occasionally, especially when the child is outside
  • Child covers one eye to look at things or squints/squeezes eyes to see
  • Cannot identify things across the room or farther away

Keeping an Eye on Your Child's Vision
Barry Wasserman, MD

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Types of Pediatric Eye Diseases and Conditions

Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is the leading eye cancer in infants and children. Early diagnosis and treatment is important for preventing metastasis and death of the child and additionally preserving the eye and vision. Other cancers can later occur in these children including pinealoblastoma, osteosarcoma, and melanoma. This pediatric cancer can be inherited from an affected parent who has retinoblastoma so it is important to examine all newborns of parents with retinoblastoma.

The diagnosis of retinoblastoma is made by an experienced eye doctor recognizing the classic features of retinoblastoma using indirect ophthalmoscopy. There are many eye conditions that can occur in children so the doctor must be confident that the child has a cancer before starting potentially serious treatments. This is important as the diagnosis must be correct before starting chemotherapy or radiotherapy. There are several tests that help to confirm retinoblastoma including ocular ultrasonography, fluorescein angiography, photographic imaging, optical coherence tomography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging.

Amblyopia

When a child is born with normal eyes, he or she has the potential for good vision in both eyes, but must learn to see with each of them. If for some reason, the child prefers to use one eye more than the other, the preferred eye learns to see well but the other suffers from lack of use. It does not learn to see as well, even with glasses. The non-preferred eye is said to be lazy or have amblyopia. This vulnerable period of visual development ends around age eight or nine. Learn more.

Nystagmus

Nystagmus is a condition where the eyes make repetitive shaking movements. The eyes can jerk exclusively in one direction, or make back and forth movements. Nystagmus can make the eye look jittery and affect both eyes or just one.

Strabismus

Strabismus, also called “lazy eye,” crossed eyes, “wall eye”, occurs when the eyes do not work as a team - both eyes are not directed or focused at the same object. It exists in two to four percent 
of the general population and is the most common ocular disorder treated by pediatric ophthalmologists.

Retinopathy of Prematurity

When babies are born prematurely, especially before 32 weeks, and particularly when they have low birthweight or are very sick, the blood vessels of the retina inside of the eye may not develop properly. This can lead to blinding scar tissue or detachment of the retina.

Wills Eye Pediatric Ophthalmologists

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Contact Us

 

Clinic Hours:
Monday through Friday
8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Location:
Wills Eye Hospital
840 Walnut Street, Suite 1210
Philadelphia, PA 19107
Phone: (215) 928-3240
Email: jscully@willseye.org

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