Cataract in Children

A cataract is a cloudiness in the lens of the eye, which sits behind the pupil. If the lens is cloudy it can block vision and cause blindness. Surgery can restore vision. Cataract occurs in one of every 4000-10,000 children.

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity – When babies are born prematurely, especially before 32 weeks, and particularly when they have low birthweight or are very sick, the blood vessels of the retina inside of the eye may not develop properly. This can lead to blinding scar tissue or detachment of the retina.

Eyelid Problems

Ptosis, hemangioma, styes, chalazions and other lid problems – The eye lid can become droopy and block vision due to poor function or underdevelopment of the muscle in the lid (ptosis), blood vessel growths (hemangioma), or blocked glands (stye and chalazion).

Genetic Eye Disease and Malformations

One of the most common causes of blindness worldwide in children, there are a multitude of genetic eye disorders and birth abnormalities, including; Peters anomaly, coloboma, retinitis pigmentosa, Stargardt disease, optic nerve hypoplasia and many more. We care for both adults and children with these disorders.

Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction

We all make a tear film over our eye surface every day, all day long. These tears drain off the surface of the eye through tiny holes in the eye lids near the nose, which connect to a system of tubes under the skin of the side of the nose and then empty into the nose. If this system becomes blocked it can result in discharge, tearing and infection.


Disease Name

Conjunctivitis, “pink eye”, “red eye”. These terms are non-specific and can indicate any cause of conjunctival inflammation. The most common causes are bacterial, viral and allergic.


Conjunctival inflammation caused by a variety of causes. 

Trauma to a Child’s Eye

Injury to the eye can damage many of its structures and may include cuts in the eyeball (ruptured globe), chemical burns of the eye surface, lid lacerations, blood in the eye, broken bones around the eye, and cataract.

Refractive Error

Refractive error – Nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. If not corrected with glasses or contact lenses early in childhood, can lead to permanent vision loss.

Signs and Symptoms of Eye Problems in Infants

Vision is important as a baby begins to grow and learn. Even in infancy, it is important that your child receive regular eye examinations, probably by your pediatrician at first, then later by an ophthalmologist or other eyecare specialist. Certainly by pre-school your child should be having regular eye examinations to maintain proper eye health. 

Signs and Symptoms of Eye Problems in Children

For children, eyesight is important because good vision is often related to learning. As with adults, regular eye examinations are important to maintain proper eye health, since some serious eye disorders produce no early warning symptoms. 

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