Cataracts and Primary Eye Care

Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is one of the safest surgeries performed in the United States today and is most often done as an outpatient procedure. Most cataract procedures take only a short time and most patients recover quickly.

Contact Lens after Cataract Surgery

Contact lenses are another alternative to IOL implants. However, handling them is sometimes cumbersome, and not everyone is a good candidate. Patients with tremors, extreme nervousness, or dry eyes, for example, are not likely to wear contact lenses with much success.

Today, hard contact lenses, soft lenses and extended wear soft lenses are available for persons who have had cataract surgery.

Cataracts - Treatment

Cataracts can be removed at any age. You no longer have to wait until the cataract "ripens" or until you lose your sight before surgery can be performed. In fact, the placement of an intraocular lens (IOL) implant to restore vision is best done in an eye when the cataract interferes with your daily activities or causes a decrease in vision. 

In removing cataracts, the clouded lens (cataract) must be removed surgically.

Other Types of Cataracts

There are other kinds of cataracts not related to the aging process. Traumatic cataracts develop as a result of an eye injury. Others can develop from metabolic blood disorders, eye infections and inflammations and certain types of medications. 

Another type, called congenital cataract, occurs at birth, particularly if the mother has had rubella (German measles) during pregnancy. A nuclear cataract occurs in the center of the lens. 

Age Related Cataracts

Many cataracts take years to develop to the point where vision is seriously affected. Most occur as a result of the normal aging process. The types of age-related cataracts are usually described by their location in the lens. They are: nuclear cataracts, cortical cataracts and subcapsular cataracts. 


Cataracts Defined

What is a Cataract?
Cataract is the term used to describe a clouding of the natural lens of the eye. A clouded lens can be compared to a window that is frosted or "fogged" with steam. When the lens becomes cloudy, the light reaching the retina is blurred and distorted, and your vision is affected. This clouded lens is called a cataract, and it must be removed before vision can be restored.  Cataracts are not cancerous. They can be treated with a surgical procedure that has become a fairly common procedure in the United States. 

Cataract in Children

A cataract is a cloudiness in the lens of the eye, which sits behind the pupil. If the lens is cloudy it can block vision and cause blindness. Surgery can restore vision. Cataract occurs in one of every 4000-10,000 children.

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